Martin A. Makary M.D., M.P.H. Professor of Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine Professor of Health Policy & Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Chief, Johns Hopkins Center for Islet Transplantation Surgery Director, Improving Wisely Dr. Marty Makary is the creator of The Surgery Checklist, publishing its first description and subsequently served on the W.H.O. Safe Surgery Saves Lives committee and led the W.H.O. workgroup to create global measures of surgical quality. Dr. Makary has published over 200 scientific articles, including the first description of “frailty” as a medical condition influencing patient outcomes, and the original studies on safety culture measurement in health care. He is a leading voice for physicians, writing in The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek and TIME Magazine. Dr. Makary is The New York Times best-selling author of Unaccountable, a book about quality and price transparency in health care. Dr. Makary is a surgical oncologist specializing in minimally-invasive pancreas surgery. At Johns Hopkins he has served as the endowed chair of gastrointestinal surgery, the director of surgical quality and safety, and founding director of the Johns Hopkins Center For Surgical Outcomes Research and Clinical Trials. He currently serves as the chief of the Johns Hopkins Center for Islet Transplantation and Executive Director of Improving Wisely, a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation project to lower health care costs in the U.S. by creating measures of appropriateness in health care.